Cosmic and gamma ray physics
Fundamental questions on astroparticle physics might get resolved through the study of cosmic rays. AMS (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer) is a high energy particle physics detector designed to conduct a unique long duration mission of fundamental physics research from space. The purpose of the experiment is to perform a high precision measurement of cosmic rays, up to the TeV energy region, on the International Space Station (ISS). Among the physics objectives of AMS are a search for Dark Matter, Antimatter, the study of propagation of cosmic rays and the exploration of new scientific phenomena that cannot be achieved on ground based experiments.
The CTA project is an initiative to build the next generation ground-based very high energy gamma-ray instrument. It will serve as an open observatory to a wide astro-physics community and will provide a deep insight into the non-thermal high-energy universe. The main objectives of CTA are understanding the origin of cosmic rays and their role in the Universe, understanding the nature and variety of particle acceleration around black holes and searching for the ultimate nature of matter and physics beyond the Standard Model.